Chōshō Temple


Echizen Province

Jikken served as a monk of the Jōdō Shinshū, or True Pure Land School, of Buddhism during the Sengoku period.  Jikken was the fifth-generation abbot at the Chōshō Temple in Echizen Province.  His father, Renchō, was the fourth-generation chief priest.  His mother, Myōi, was the daughter of Renkaku, the abbot at the Hōren Temple.  Jikken’s wife was the daughter of Renjun who served as the abbot of the Ganshō and Kenshō temples.  His children included Jisshō, Kensuke, and daughter (wife of Jikkei).

After the death of his father in 1488, Jikken succeeded him as the abbot of the Chōshō Temple, but, in 1506, he joined an attack on Echizen and, at the Battle of Kuzuryūgawa, was defeated by Asakura forces led by Asakura Norikage (Sōteki).  Together with Rene, the abbot of the Hongaku Temple, went in exile to Kaga Province.  In lieu of losing his base in Echizen, he established a new home in the Enuma District of Kaga.

In 1525, after Shōnyo inherited the role as the tenth-generation high priest, Renjun (his maternal grandfather) became his guardian, and Jikken was Renjun’s son-in-law, so he was appointed to serve as the representative of the Hongan Temple in the Hokuriku.  This brought Jikken into conflict with Shimotsuma Raishū and Shimotsuma Raisei (siblings), together with Rengo (the abbot of the Honsen Temple serving as proxy for the Hongan Temple and who had expanded his power through the seizure of private manors and defaults on annual land taxes), Renkei (the abbot of the Matsuoka Temple who was the son of Renkō), and Kensei (the son of Rensei and grandson of Rennyo).

In 1531, the Daishō ikki occurred.  The Dai-ikki were comprised of the Chōshō Temple and the Hongaku Temple who obeyed the orders of the high priest of the Hongan Temple, while the Shō-ikki consisted of the Three Temples of Kaga who were branded as rebels and purged for recognizing (albeit nominally) the authority of the kokushu, or provincial lords of Kaga – the Togashi clan. 

With the support of monks from the Kinai and Tōkai regions who deployed upon orders of Rene and Renjun of the Hongaku Temple, along with support from the Shimotsuma, Jikken fought against and defeated the Shō-ikki and Rengo of the Honsen Temple as well as additional forces led by Asakura Sōteki and Hatakeyama Ietoshi.  Those supporting the Shō-ikki were forced into exile, after which Jikken was on a par with the Hongaku Temple as a member of the governing class in Kaga Province.

Jikken died in 1542 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Jisshō.