Hijikata Katsuhisa

土方雄久

Hijikata Clan

Owari Province

Hijikata Katsuhisa

Lifespan:  Tenbun 22 (1553) to 11/12 of Keichō 13 (1608)

Rank:  bushō, daimyō

Title:  Junior Fifth Rank (Lower), Governor of Kawachi

Clan:  Hijikata

Bakufu:  Edo

Lord:  Oda Nobunaga → Oda Nobukatsu → Toyotomi Hideyoshi → Toyotomi Hideyori → Tokugawa Ieyasu

Domains: Etchū-Nunoichi, Noto-Ishizaki, Shimōsa-Tako

Father:  Hijikata Nobuharu

Mother:  Daughter of Hijikata Toshiharu

Siblings:  Katsuhisa, Ōta Nagatomo

Wife:  [Formal]  Daughter of Nagano Fujishige (may be from the Nagano-Kudō clan)

Children:  Katsuuji, Katsushige, Katsunori, Katsumasa, daughter (formal wife of Hirano Nagayasu), daughter (wife of an unknown person from the Saikōji clan and then the Takeyama clan), daughter (consort of Oda Nobunaga and mother of Oda Nobusada)

Hijikata Katsuhisa served as a bushō and daimyō from the Sengoku to early Edo periods.  In the Edo period, Katsuhisa served as the lord of the Etchū-Nunoichi domain and, later, the Noto-Ishizaki domain and as the first lord of the Shimōsa-Tako domain.

Katsuhisa was born as the eldest son of Hijikata Nobuharu in Nagoya in Owari Province.  He served Oda Nobukatsu as his lord for a long time and received one of the characters from the name of Nobukatsu, initially adopting the name of Katsuyoshi and, later, Katsuhisa.

According to one theory, Maeda Toshinaga and Maeda Toshimasa were cousins of Katsuhisa, and Katsuhisa’s younger brother, Ōta Nagatomo (Tajima-no-kami) served under Toshinaga.  The Hijikata descended from the Yamato-Genji founded by Minamoto no Yorichika, a bushō from the middle Heian period.  From the era of his father, the Hijikata became retainers of the Oda clan.  Katsuhisa served Oda Nobunaga and his second son, Oda Nobukatsu.

In 1576, Katsuhisa participated along with Hioki Daizein-no-jō and others in an event known as the Mise Incident by which Nagano Tomofuji and many members of the Kitabatake clan were purged at Tamaru Castle by the Oda.

In 1581, Katsuhisa served in the Second Tenshō-Iga Conflict to suppress an uprising by local groups in Iga opposed to the Oda.  In 1584, at the Battle of Komaki-Nagakute, upon orders of Nobukatsu, he killed Okada Shigetaka.  As recognition for his contributions, Katsuhisa received landholdings of 45,000 koku in Inuyama in Owari Province.

In 1590, Katsuhisa participated in the Conquest of Odawara, repelling a nighttime attack launched by Hōjō Ujifusa.  After the Conquest of Odawara, and following the removal of Nobukatsu from his position, Katsuhisa served as a retainer of Toyotomi Hideyoshi and was granted a fief of 10,000 koku which was later increased to 24,000 koku.

In 1598, after the death of Hideyoshi, Katsuhisa served Toyotomi Hideyori, but, in 1599, was accused of plotting to assassinate Tokugawa Ieyasu and removed from his position.  Together with Ōno Harunaga, he was taken into custody by Satake Yoshinobu of Hitachi Province.  In 1600, at the Conquest of Aizu preceding the Battle of Sekigahara, Katsuhisa and Harunaga were pardoned of their offenses and served Ieyasu.  Katsuhisa contributed by serving as a messenger to solicit his cousin, Maeda Toshinaga, to join the Eastern Army.  Later that year, he received a fief of 10,000 koku in Nunoichi in Etchū Province (the Nunoichi domain).  His landholdings in Etchū were later substituted with Ishizaki in Noto Province in addition to 10,000 koku of disparate landholdings in Noto, totaling 13,000 koku.  After his fief was increased by 5,000 koku in Tako in Shimōsa Province, he moved to a jinya, or residence assigned by the Edo bakufu, in Tako.  In his latter years, Katsuhisa served as a member of the otogishū, or official retinue, of Tokugawa Hidetada.  Hidetada frequently visited Katsuhisa’s residence in Sotosakurada.

In 1608, Katsuhisa died at the age of fifty-six.  Excessive smoking caused an illness of the throat.  His eldest (illegitimate) son, Hijikata Katsuuji, had already received the Ise-Komono domain with a fief of 13,000 koku so Katsuhisa’s landholdings and headship of the clan were inherited by his second son, Hijikata Katsushige, an attendant of Hidetada in good standing with the Tokugawa shōgun family.  A Buddhist memorial tablet stands in the Kenshō Temple in the town of Komono in the Mie District of Mie Prefecture.