Lifespan: 2/23 of Tenbun 2 (1533) to 7/28 of Keichō 7 (1602)
Rank: bushō, daimyō
Title: Junior Fourth Rank (Lower), Assistant Vice-Minister of Central Affairs, Minister of Justice
Bakufu: Muromachi, Edo
Lord: Miyoshi Nagayoshi/Bessho Nagaharu → Toyotomi Hideyoshi → Tokugawa Ieyasu
Father: Arima Shigenori
Mother: Daughter of Hosokawa Sumimoto
Siblings: Noriyori, Noritsugu, Toyonaga
Wife: [Formal] Shin (daughter of Bessho Tadaharu)
Children: Noriuji, Toyouji, Toyonaga, daughter (wife of Arima Shigenori), daughter (formal wife of Watarase Shigeaki), daughter (formal wife of Akamatsu Ujimitsu), daughter (wife of Nakayama Yoshichika)
Arima Noriyori served as a bushō and daimyō during the Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods. He was the lord of the Sanda domain in Settsu Province.
In 1533, Noriyori was born as the second son of Arima Shigenori at Mitsuta Castle in Harima Province. During the Eiroku era (1558 to 1570), he inherited the headship of the clan and followed Miyoshi Nagayoshi and Bessho Nagaharu.
In 1580, upon orders of Oda Nobunaga, Hashiba Hideyoshi commenced the Invasion of Chūgoku. Based on his contributions as a guide, Noriyori received from Hideyoshi a fief of 3,200 koku in Ōgo in Harima Province.
In 1584, at the Battle of Komaki-Nagakute, Noriyori lost his eldest son, Arima Noriuji. Thereafter, he participated and served valorously in the Kyūshū Pacification and deployment to the Korean Peninsula. Noriyori also contributed to the construction of Fushimi Castle by the Toyotomi clan and his fief was increased to 15,000 koku. Noriyori’s second son, Arima Toyouji, also served Hideyoshi and acquired landholdings independently of his father.
After the death of Hideyoshi in the eighth month of 1598, Noriyori and Toyouji approached Tokugawa Ieyasu and, in the first month of 1599, upon orders of Ieyasu, were assigned to guard Yodo Castle in the Kuse District of Yamashiro Province. Toyouji became a member of the otogishū, the personal retinue of individuals accompanying Ieyasu, and, in the sixth month of 1600, wed the adopted daughter of Ieyasu, Renhime.
In the ninth month of 1600, Noriyori and Toyouji served in the Eastern Army at the Battle of Sekigahara, participating in an attack against Gifu Castle in Mino Province and serving in the rear guard at the main battle of Sekigahara. In recognition of the contributions made by Noriyori, on 12/13 of Keichō 5 (1600), Ieyasu granted him a fief of 20,000 koku in their original location in Sanda in the Arima District of Settsu. Noriyori then led the Sanda domain. Meanwhile, Toyouji’s landholdings were increased by 60,000 koku, transferring him to Fukuchiyama in Tanba Province to the north of Kyōto.
In 1602, after the death of Noriyori, in the eighth month, Toyouji inherited his father’s fief of 20,000 koku in Sanda, possessing total landholdings of 80,000 koku. As the first lord of the Fukuchiyama domain, Toyouji is known for having built the town of Fukuchiyama in Tanba Province.
On 7/28 of Keichō 7 (1602), Noriyori died in Sanda at the age of seventy. He was buried at the Tenshō Temple in Ōgo. Toyouji inherited his landholdings.
Based on his later contributions at the Siege of Ōsaka, Toyouji became the first lord of the Kurume domain in Chikugo Province.
In the sixth month of 1582, at the Kiyosu Conference to deliberate upon the successor to Oda Nobunaga, Shibata Katsuie and others sought to harm Hideyoshi. After arriving late, Noriyori passed-through the castle gate and came to the aid of Hideyoshi. Hideyoshi appreciated this virtuous act and treated Noriyori well thereafter.
Noroyori was a highly regarded practitioner of the tea ceremony and served as a member of the otogishū, or personal retinue of Hideyoshi. After undergoing the rites of tonsure, he was called the gyōbukyō, or Minister of Justice, and, together with Kanamori Nagachika and Tokunaga Nagamasa who also served as members of the otogishū, were called the three high priests.
Hideyoshi frequently attended tea ceremonies at Noriyori’s tea house in Ōsaka and presented Noriyori with valuable items including tea kettles and a scroll by Muqi Fachang, a Chinese Zen Buddhist monk from the thirteenth century.
During the Bunroku era (1592 to 1596), Hideyoshi had Tokugawa Ieyasu stay in Fushimi and not return to Edo. Upon request of Ieyasu, Noriyori mediated his return to Edo, providing an opportunity for Noriyori to establish a relationship with Ieyasu. Later, when Ieyasu came to the capital again, he presented Noriyori with a precious tea kettle.