Lifespan: Kōji 3 (1557) to 6/29 of Genna 7 (1621)
Rank: bushō, daimyō
Title: Governor of Tajima
Domain: lord of Shimōsa-Omigawa, Kōzuke-Takasaki
Lord: Tokugawa Ieyasu → Tokugawa Hidetada
Father: Andō Motoyoshi
Siblings: Naotsugu, Shigenobu, Tsugumoto
Wife: [Formal] Daughter of Ōkubo Tadatoyo
Children: Daughter (formal wife of Honda Masamori), daughter (second wife of Matsudaira Narishige)
Adopted Children: Shigenaga, Shigemoto, Shigenori
Andō Shigenobu served as a bushō and daimyō from the Sengoku to early Edo periods. Shigenobu served as the lord of the Omigawa domain in Shimōsa Province and the Takasaki domain in Kōzuke Province.
In 1557, Shigenobu was born as the son of Andō Motoyoshi in Mikawa Province. He served Tokugawa Ieyasu. In 1584, at the Battle of Komaki-Nagakute, and, in the ninth month of 1600, in the days leading up to the Battle of Sekigahara, Shigenobu was in the division led by Tokugawa Hidetada to assault Ueda Castle in Shinano Province defended by Sanada Masayuki of the Western Army, an event known as the Second Battle of Ueda.
In 1611, Shigenobu was appointed to serve among the elder advisors to Hidetada and, in the twelfth month of 1612, was granted a fief of 20,000 koku in Omigawa in Shimōsa Province, achieving the stature of a daimyō. In 1614, after Ōkubo Tadachika was removed from his position, Shigenobu joined Kōriki Tadafusa to administer Odawara Castle.
That same year, he joined in the Winter Campaign of the Siege of Ōsaka. In the ensuing Summer Campaign, Shigenobu fought against a division of the Toyotomi army led by Ōno Harufusa, but lost and retreated owing to a ferocious assault by the enemy forces. In 1619, Shigenobu was transferred to Takasaki in Kōzuke and his fief increased to 56,000 koku. After Fukushima Masanori was removed from his position, Shigenobu headed to Hiroshima and, together with Nagai Naokatsu and Togawa Michiyasu, managed the aftermath.
On 6/29 of Genna 7 (1621), Shigenobu died at the age of sixty-five. He was succeeded by Andō Shigenaga, an adopted grandchild from a daughter married into another family.
There are stories of his extraordinary strength. While taking over control of Hiroshima Castle, after he grabbed someone who had fallen from a boat into the water, a bruise remained in the area where he briefly grabbed the person who fell.
He had a servant carry a lot of armor and arquebuses, and, after having the servant sit on a Go playing board, carried him one-time around the castle.