Amari Torayasu


Amari Clan


Kai Province

Lifespan:  Meiō 7 (1498) to 2/14 of Tenbun 17 (1548)

Other Names:  Kyūeimon (common)

Rank:  bushō

Title:  Governor of Bizen

Clan:  Amari

Lord:  Takeda Nobutora → Takeda Harunobu (Shingen)

Father:  Amari Munenobu

Siblings:  Torayasu, Soshi Toratada

Wife:  Zenshun

Children:  Nobumasu, Nobutada, Nobuyasu, daughter (dowager of Annaka Kageshige), daughter (wife of Sakanishi Saemon), daughter (wife of Hoshina Masanori), daughter (wife of Shizume Koreaki)

Amari Torayasu served as a bushō during the Sengoku period.  Torayasu was a multi-generational chief retainer of the Kai-Takeda clan.  In the Edo period, he was named as one of the Twenty-Four Generals of the Takeda and, in the era of Takeda Nobutora,  one of the Four Guardian Kings of the Takeda.

The Amari were a branch of the Takeda clan descended from Ichijō Tadayori of the Kai-Genji.  In the latter part of the Heian period, a manor was established in the Amari township of the Koma District of Kai.

Along with Itagaki Nobukata, Obu Toramasa, and Hara Toratane, Torayasu served from the era of Takeda Nobutora.  In 1541, Torayasu performed a leading role in the ouster of Nobutora by Harunobu (Shingen), and as an elder in the Takeda family, is believed to have served in the highest position as a hereditary retainer, but there are not many authenticated sources of his activities in this role during the era of Nobutora.

Torayasu first appears in accounts from 11/20 of 1540.  A memorial service was held for his wife’s mother at the Seikei Temple on Mount Kōya.  On 4/3 of 1541, he also attended a memorial service for his wife’s father at the same location.

On 11/19 of 1542, there is an account of Torayasu building a new residence in Kōfu.  On 4/2 of 1543, a ban was issued against the Myouō Temple.  On 4/6, Torayasu, along with Uwai Ise-no-kami and Komai Kōhakusai, informed Itagaki Nobukata of the Suwa District of Shinano Province that Harunobu had appointed him to serve as the district governor.  After eliminating the Suwa clan, the Takeda annexed the Suwa District, establishing a base at Uehara Castle and having Nobukata serve as the chamberlain.

In one chronicle, Torayasu was praised for his valor as a warrior no less than Ogiwara Masakatsu, a former retainer of the Takeda who served as a mentor for Nobuharu.  Yamamoto Kansuke, the commander of the ashigaru, or foot soldiers, also expressed admiration for Torayasu’s outstanding leadership qualities.  In 1538, during the era of Takeda Nobutora, Torayasu made contributions at the Battle of Nirasaki and the 二番合戦 when the Suwa and Ogasawara clans invaded Kai.  In 1542, soon after Harunobu became head of the Takeda clan, Torayasu fought valiantly in the Battle of Sezawa against an invasion by the Suwa, the Ogasawara, and the Shinano-Murakami clans.  There is a lack of authenticated accounts regarding this battle and questions remain whether it occurred, but Torayasu’s eldest son, Amari Nobumasu, was believed to have been killed in action at this time.  On 9/17 of 1542, Torayasu participated in a memorial service for one of his sons, Yojūrō at the Indō monastery on Mount Kōya.

In the eighth month of 1547, Torayasu joined in an attack against Shiga Castle in the Saku District of Shinano.  After Uesugi Norimasa (the deputy shōgun of the Kantō) dispatched reinforcements to serve as a rear guard, Torayasu and Itagaki Nobukata formed a detached unit to conduct an ambush and defeated the enemy in a major victory at the Battle of Otaihara.

On 2/14 of 1548, Harunobu attacked the Chiisagata District of Shinano and engaged in the Battle of Uedahara against Murakami Yoshikiyo.  After Itagaki Nobukata fell in action, Torayasu sought to protect Harunobu against the spirited enemy forces, but, along with Saima Kawachi-no-kami and Hajikano Denemon, was killed in action.

Torayasu’s sons included Amari Nobutada and Amari Nobuyasu.  Nobutada inherited the family.  Nobutada died in 1567, while his son (Amari Nobuyori) was very young, so Nobuyasu and Yonekura Tango-no-kami served as his representative.  Thereafter, on 5/21 of 1575, Nobuyasu died at the Battle of Nagashino.  In the third month of 1582, after the invasion of the Takeda territory by the allied forces of the Oda and the Tokugawa, an individual named Amari Saemon-no-jō abandoned the Takeda family, and this is believed to have been Nobuyori.  Nobuyori’s whereabouts thereafter are unknown.

Torayasu’s daughters included a widow of Annaka Kageshige and the wife of Sakanishi Saemon.