Tōyama Naokage (Saemon-no-taifu)

遠山直景 (左衛門大夫)

Tōyama Clan


Sagami Province

Lifespan:  15xx to Tenshō 15 (1587)

Other Names:  Saemon-no-taifu

Rank:  bushō

Clan:  Tōyama

Lord:  Hōjō Ujimasa → Hōjō Ujinao

Father:  Tōyama Masakage

Siblings:  Naokage, Saruwatari Morimichi (?)

Children:  Otomatsu, Naokatsu, Kageyoshi

Tōyama Naokage (Saemon-no-taifu) served as a bushō during the Azuchi-Momoyama period.  He was a retainer of the Gohōjō clan.  Naokage served two generations of the Hōjō clan, Hōjō Ujimasa and Hōjō Ujinao.

In 1580, after the death of his father, Tōyama Masakage, Naokage inherited the headship of the clan, but he then died seven years later in 1587.  Under another theory, during the Conquest of Odawara by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1590, Naokage was located at Edo Castle, so the year of his demise is uncertain.  It is generally understood that Kawamura Hideshige was guarding Edo Castle.  Hideshige was the younger brother of Masashige, in other words, Naokage’s uncle.

When Naokage served as the head of the clan, conflicts in the direction of the Satomi clan (who were members of the Hōjō family) entered a period of calm.  In 1577, the Satomi of Awa Province (led by Satomi Yoshiyori) and the Hōjō of Sagami Province (led by Hōjō Ujimasa) reconciled.  Given that Naokage was a pillar in this region, there are few military achievements recorded by him during this period.

The Tōyama clan served for generations as the chamberlains of Edo Castle, but, in the era of Naokage’s father, Hōjō Ujihide (the second son of Hōjō Tsunanari) entered as the chamberlain of Edo Castle.  He died soon thereafter.  Ujihide’s son, Hōjō Otomatsu, succeeded him, but he also died early.  Subsequently, Hōjō Ujimasa governed Edo.

Around the time of Ujihide’s demise, Naokage inherited the family.  It is uncertain whether he was formally assigned to serve as the chamberlain of Edo Castle.  He did, however, serve as the lord of Kasai Castle, an auxiliary to Edo Castle.  Based on a written order from Naokage to brokers known as a tenma-tegata (to permit men and horses passage along a route), it can be confirmed that his jurisdiction extended from Edo through Kasai and on to Bōsō (Awa, Kazusa, and Shimōsa provinces).

Naokage is further deemed to have supported diplomatic relations led by Ujimasa with the Chiba clan.

In 1587, upon orders of Hōjō Ujimasa, Takagi Tanenori was sent to assist Okami Muneharu under attack by Tagaya Shigetsune, a retainer of the Satake clan.  Naokage, along with Tanenori, served in the nucleus of forces on the front lines of battle in Jōsō in Hitachi Province.  His death in 1587 may have been linked to this battle against the Tagaya.


The tenma-tegata issued by Naokage in 1582 refers to “Kasai-Shinjuku.”  This is the first time that present-day Shinjuku in the Kasai ward of Tōkyō appears in writing.