Takeda Nobuhiro

武田信広

Takeda Clan

Takeda Nobuhiro

Wakasa Province

Lifespan:  2/1 of Eikyō 3 (1431) to 5/20 of Meiō 3 (1494)

Other Names:  Hikotarō

Rank:  bushō

Title:  Senior Fourth Rank (posthumous)

Clan:  Wakasa-Takeda → Kakizaki

Father:  Takeda Nobukata

Adoptive Father:  Kakizaki Sueshige

Wife:  Adopted daughter of Kakizaki Sueshige

Children:  Daughter (wife of Shimoguni Tsunesue), Kakizaki Mitsuhiro, daughter

Takeda Nobuhiro served as a bushō during the late Muromachi period.

On 2/1 of Eikyō 3 (1431), Nobuhiro was born in Aoiyama Castle in Obama as the son of Takeda Nobukata, a shugo daimyō in Wakasa Province.  According to one account, his father, Nobukata, transferred the headship of the clan to his younger brother, Takeda Kuninobu, and sent Nobuhiro to be adopted by Kuninobu.  Before long, however, Kuninobu’s own son, Takeda Nobuchika, was born which caused Nobuhiro to become alienated from Kuninobu.  Nobuhiro then came into conflict with his natural father, Nobukata, leaving him isolated and without support.

In 1431, Nobukata was twelve years old and Kuninobu was not yet born which calls into question the validity of the foregoing account.  Under another theory, Nobuhiro was the son of Kuninobu but the relationship with the Wakasa-Takeda clan is surmised to be pretense from later eras based on exchanges between individuals in Wakasa and the northern Dewa region during this period.

In 1452, at the age of twenty-one, Nobuhiro took Sasaki Saburō Hyōemon-no-jō Shigetsuna (a twenty-one-year-old member of the band of bushi), a follower named Kudō Kurōzaemon-no-jō Sukenaga, and three others to abscond under cover of darkness from Wakasa.  The party sought refuge with Ashikaga Shigeuji, the Koga kubō, but within the year moved to reside under Nanbu Mitsumasa of Sannohe.  Nobuhiro then moved to Usori in Mutsu Province and was provided a fief from a portion of the territory of the Nanbu family comprised of Tanabu and Kakizaki, upon which he adopted the surname of Kakizaki-Takeda.  On 8/28 of Kyōtoku 3 (1454), after losing in battle against the Nanbu clan, he crossed with Andō Masasue to the Ezo lands within the sphere of influence of the Shimonokuni family.  He then harbored with Kakizaki Sueshige, the lord of the Hanazawa house in Kaminokuni, Masasue’s son-in-law and servant of the family. 

Thereafter, Sueshige took a liking to Nobuhiro and had him wed his daughter and become his adopted son-in-law, after which he adopted the Kakizaki surname.

In 1456, his lineal heir, Kakizaki Mitsuhiro, was born.

In 1457, the Ainu launched an all-out attack against the houses of Japanese bushi.  This led to the Battle of Koshamain between the Japanese bushi and the Ainu peoples.  After the outbreak of hostilities, ten out of a total of twelve houses of Japanese bushi on the Oshima Peninsula fell to the Ainu, with the surprise attacks pushing the bushi into a corner.  Nobuhiro, serving under Kakizaki Sueshige, gathered the bushi to mount a major counterattack.  The Ainu were defeated one after another and eventually Koshamain (father and son) were shot to death at Nanaehama.  These achievements enabled Nobuhiro to consolidate his position in Ezo.

In 14622, he built the Katsuyama mansion.

In 1475, Nobuhiro was presented with tributes from the chief of the Karafuto-Ainu peoples and Karafuto came under his command.  He did not, however, have the power to operationalize his command and is surmised to have mostly left the territory alone.

On 6/23 of Meiō 3 (1494), Nobuhiro died at the age of sixty-four.

On 9/6 of Meiji 14 (1881), Nobuhiro was posthumously awarded the court title of Senior Fourth Rank.  That same year, the Matsumae Shrine was built in the town of Matsumae in Hokkaidō where he was enshrined as a deity.