Takagi Tanetoki


Takagi Clan


Shimōsa Province

Lifespan:  Tenbun 6 (1537) to 12/16 of Tenshō 10 (1583)

Rank:  bushō

Title:  Governor of Shimotsuke

Clan:  Shimōsa-Takagi

Lord:  Hara clan, Chiba clan, Hōjō clan

Father:  Takagi Taneyoshi

Siblings:  Tanetoki, Tanetomo

Children:  Tanenori

Takagi Tanetoki served as a bushō during the Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods.  He was a retainer of the Chiba clan and served as the lord of Kogane Castle in Shimōsa Province.

In 1537, Tanetoki was born as the son of Takagi Taneyoshi.  Similar to his father, Tanetoki maintained a cooperative relationship with the Hōjō clan.  In 1560, after Uesugi Kenshin deployed his forces to the Kantō, Tanetaoki and Taneyoshi obeyed their lord, Chiba Tanetomi and, for a period of time, defected from the Hōjō.  The next year, they were allowed to return to the service of the Hōjō but, as compensation, were ordered to provide Kogane Castle as a temporary palace for Ashikaga Yoshiuji, the Koga kubō, who had been ousted by the Uesugi but was backed by the Hōjō clan.  In 1564, Tanetoki issued a document to confirm assorted rights recognized by his father with respect to the Nakayama-Hokekyō Temple.  Around this time, he succeeded to the headship of the clan.  During the Second Battle of Kōnodai occurring this same year, Tanetoki led 1,000 cavalry troops in the Hōjō army.  In 1566, Tanetoki obtained reinforcements from the Hōjō army to defeat the Uesugi army during an attack against Chiba Tanetomi at Motosakura Castle.  At this time, the Uesugi army also temporarily laid siege to Kogane Castle.  After withdrawing his base to Usui Castle held by the Hara clan with whom Tanetoki had close ties, he was granted the territory in Kurihara and Funabashi that the Hara had struggled to maintain.

By this means, the governance exercised by the Chiba clan gradually waned while the Chiba, the Hara, and the Takagi were folded into the group of clans from other provinces under the command of the Hōjō to which these clans became retainers.  For example, in the twelfth month of 1568, soon after the collapse of the Three-Party Alliance between Kai, Sagami, and Suruga Provinces, Hōjō Ujimasa ordered Tanetoki to be stationed at the Ōhashi Lodge for the defense of Edo Castle.  The Ōhashi Lodge is surmised to have been a lodge located below Edo Castle in the environs of Tokiwabashi.  At this time, he also formed a relationship with Ashikaga Yoshiuji, the Koga kubō.  In 1577, Tanetoki was conferred by Yoshiuji the honorary title of Governor of Shimotsuke.  In the first month of 1577, Tanetoki presented to Yoshiuji a white swan captured near Teganuma at which time he was conferred the honorary title.  After the next year, Tanetoki presented Yoshiuji with a white swan and long sword.  The presentation of gifts was recognized only from a group of eight noble and military families known as the Kantō Hachi-Yakata and powerful landlords such as the Ashikaga-Nagao, the Motegi, and the Makabe clans.

Although the Koga kubō and Chiba clan were subservient to the Hōjō, in this period the Takagi clan had three lords (or four lords based on the relationship with the Hara clan who served as the head of the senior retainers of their former lords in the Chiba clan).  According to a letter addressed to Shūho, the abbot of the Manman Temple while he was staying at the Daitoku Temple in Kyōto, Tanetoki was convalescing at the Hakone hot springs in the vicinity of Odawara Castle.  There are also accounts that around this time he was actively engaged in the management of his territory suggesting that this planted the seeds for the later supervision by the Takagi clan of the ranchlands of Koganemaki and salterns of Gyōtoku for the Edo bakufu.  In 1578, the town adjacent to the Funabashi Grand Shrine was exempted from taxes and permitted to self-govern.  In 1581, he posted at the Ichikawa Lodge a roadside edict board prohibiting verbal arguments, acts of robbery, in addition to sugoroku (a dice game), or the seizing of persons or property from third parties for the repayment of debts owed by others.  This demonstrated that the lodge and its landlord, the Guhō Temple, were under his command.

In 1582, while confronting the Tokugawa army during the Tenshō Jingo Conflict, Tanetoki fell ill and after Hōjō Ujimasa consented to succession to the headship of the Takagi clan by Tanetoki’s son, Tatsuchiyo (later known as Takagi Tanenori), Tanetoki died.

His daughter became the formal wife of Daidōji Naotsugu while either his younger sister or daughter is surmised to have become the formal wife of Hara Tanehide.