Toki Motoyori

土岐元頼

Toki Clan

Bushō

Mino Province

Lifespan:  14xx to 6/20 of Meiō 5 (1496)

Rank:  bushō

Clan:  Toki

Bakufu:  Muromachi

Father:  Toki Shigeyori

Siblings:  Toki Masafusa, Ōhata Sadayori, Saraki Naoyori, Motoyori, Kayazu Yorifusa, unknown (adopted by Rokkaku Takayori)

Children:  Yoritsura

Toki Motoyori served as a bushō and as lord of Nagayama Castle in Mino Province during the Sengoku period.  Motoyori was the fourth son of Toki Shigeyori, the military governor of Mino.  Between 1492 and 1501, Motoyori engaged in restoration of the Ganjō Temple in the village of Ōbora while serving as lord of the castle on Mount Gongen in the village of Akutami.

Motoyori was adored by Shigeyori despite the fact that he was born to a consort and not the legitimate heir.  Shigeyori pondered removing his eldest son, Toki Masafusa, from the line of succession to replace him with Motoyori.  Through Shigeyori, Motoyori received backing from Saitō Toshifuji (the deputy military governor) and Ishimaru Toshimitsu (the junior deputy military governor).  Meanwhile, Motoyori’s older brother, Masafusa, was supported by Saitō Myōjun, leading to conflict between the two factions.  In 1494, this succession struggle triggered the Battle of Funada from the third month of 1495 to 6/20 of 1496.

In the sixth month of 1495, Motoyori joined Toshimitsu and others in battle against Masafusa.  After losing, Motoyori and Toshimitsu fled from Mino to neighboring Ōmi Province.  In the ninth month of the same year, Shigeyori was forced to retire and he assigned his role as head of the clan and as the military governor to Masafusa.  However, Motoyori continued to resist, and, in the fifth month of 1496, went to Mino and sheltered in Shigeyori’s retirement base at Kidaiji Castle from where he planned a revival.  Motoyori was surrounded by forces led by Saitō Myōjun, and, on 5/30, Toshimitsu committed seppuku in exchange for Myōjun sparing the lives of Shigeyori and others.  While Shigeyori was able to depart from Kidaiji Castle, Motoyori was not allowed to do so and, having no other options, killed himself on 6/20 of 1496.

Motoyori’s son, Toki Yoritsura, is regarded to be the founder of the Ori clan based in the Toki District of Mino.  Moreover, Akechi Mitsuhide is believed to have been the son of Motoyori and the daughter of Nakahora Genzaemon of a wealthy family in the Mugi District, born on 8/15 of 1527 at the Hakusan Shrine in Miyama in the Yamagata District of Mino.