Kakiya Tsunefusa

垣屋恒総

Kakiya Clan

Bushō

Tajima Province

Lifespan:  15xx to Keichō 5 (1600)

Other Names:  Shingorō

Rank:  bushō

Title:  Governor of Oki

Clan:  Kakiya

Father:  Kakiya Mitsunari

Kakiya Tsunefusa served as a bushō during the Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods.  He was a kokujin, or provincial landowner, in Tajima Province.

His ancestors were a gōzoku, or wealthy family, in Tajima serving as retainers of the Yamana clan, the military governors of Tajima.  After the Invasion of Chūgoku by Hashiba Hideyoshi, Tsunefusa, together with his father, served the Toyotomi clan.  Tsunefusa followed Hideyoshi, serving in primary battles including the Pacification of Kyūshū, the Conquest of Odawara, and the Bunroku Campaign.  Owing to his contributions, Tsunefusa was granted 10,000 koku in the Iwai District of Inaba Province and established a base at Kiriyama Castle.

In 1600, at the Battle of Sekigahara, Tsunefusa served in the Western Army, joining the assaults to topple Fushimi and Ōtsu castles.  After the defeat of the Western Army at the main battle, he fled to Mount Kōya and took his own life there.

The family of the third son of the Kakiya clan (the Suruga-no-kami family) sided with the Eastern Army and his lineage served as chief retainers of the Wakizaka clan.  His grandson, Yoshitsuna, was engaged by the Kishū-Tokugawa family, one of the gosanke, or three families based on the lineage of sons of Tokugawa Ieyasu having a special status after the shōgun family.  As a senior retainer of the domain, he carried forward the family name of the main branch of the Kakiya.