Fukuya Takakane


Fukuya Clan


Iwami Province

Lifespan:  15xx to 15xx

Rank:  bushō

Titles:  Vice Minister of Education; Inspector of the Outer Palace Guards of the Left Division

Clan:  Fukuya of the Mikamoto family descended from the Fujiwara-no-Michikane branch of the Fujiwara

Lords:  Amago Tsunehisa → Ōuchi Yoshitaka → Mōri Motonari → Amago Haruhisa → Amago Yoshihisa → Matsunaga Hisahide → Hachisuka Iemasa

Father:  Fukuya Masakane

Siblings:  Takakane, Taka-no-suke

Wife:  [Formal] Daughter of Kikkawa Kunitsune

Children: Hikotarō, Takatō, daughter (formal wife of Tachihara Hisatsuna), daughter (formal wife of Ōuchi Yoshitane)

Fukuya Takakane served as a bushō during the Sengoku and Azuchi-Momoyama periods.  Takakane served as the lord of Motoake Castle in the Naka District of Iwami Province.

The Fukuya clan were a kokujin, or provincial landowner, in Iwami.  Masuda Kanehiro, from an illegitimate branch of the Masuda, moved his residence to Fukuya in the Naka District of Iwami and adopted the surname of Fukuya from this location.  Although the Fukuya operated with a degree of autonomy, in the era of Takakane, the clan was subordinate to the Amago clan.  In 1540, owing to a loss by Amago Akihisa at the Battle of Yoshida-Kōriyama, the Fukuya submitted to the Ōuchi clan.  In 1541, Takakane attacked and eliminated the Matsuyama clan based at Iwami-Matsuyama Castle.  After the Ōuchi were annihilated in a rebellion led by Sue Takafusa at an event known as the Tainei Temple Incident, the Fukuya obeyed the Mōri clan.  In 1555, Takakane contributed to an attack by the Mōri against the Nagayasu clan, after which the Fukuya received an increase to their landholdings and expanded their influence.

In 1559, Takakane joined in an attack by the Mōri against Ogasawara Nagakatsu (a kokujin in Iwami) causing Nagakatsu to surrender.  Takakane, however, became dissatisfied after former territories of the Fukuya (Ita and Hazumi) were granted to the Iwami-Ogasawara after their surrender despite the Fukuya receiving substitute lands.

Owing to this dissatisfaction, in the summer of 1561, Takakane sided with the Amago in opposition to the Mōri.  Takakane ignored the counsel of Amago Yoshihisa and refused the offices of 道僧 to mediate a settlement.  Because he opposed the Mōri, it became difficult to make progress in negotiations after the unkei-wagi, or the Peace Negotiation of Izumo and Aki  (an unsuccessful negotiation between the Amago of Izumo Province and the Mōri of Aki Province), over the period  from 1561 to 1562.  Early in 1562, the Mōri took advantage of the period when 道僧 was in the province to attack Takakane.  The Mōri army toppled Matsuyama Castle.  When the main division approached Motoake Castle, Takakane relied upon the Amago to flee.

Although Takakane fled to Izumo Province, the Amago considered the Fukuya clan to be nothing more than an impediment to peaceful relations with the Mōri, so he then departed from Izumo and pledged his allegiance to Matsunaga Hisahide in Yamato Province.  Takakane may have served in the army raised to restore the authority of the Amago.  After the destruction of this army, his son, Fukuya Hikotarō served in the Oda army.  Takakane sent a letter to Akechi Mitsuhide requesting support immediately after Mitsuhide created a renga, or linked verse poem, on Mount Atago expressing a desire to kill Nobunaga.  This was done just prior to launching the coup d’état resulting in the death of Nobunaga in the Honnō Temple Incident.  Takakane’s movements after this time are uncertain, and he may have served Hachisuka Iemasa in Awa Province in Shikoku.

Takakane’s descendants served in the Chōshū, the Iwakuni, and the Tokushima domains during the Edo period.