Fukubara Hirotoshi


Fukubara Clan


Aki Province

Lifespan:  Unknown to 1/10 of Kōji 3 (1557)

Rank:  bushō

Titles:  Secretary of the Left Division, Governor of Shimōsa, Governor of Dewa

Clan:  Fukubara clan of the Ōe family

Lord:  Mōri Hiromoto → Mōri Okimoto → Mōri Kōmatsumaru → Mōri Motonari

Father:  Fukubara Sadatoshi

Children:  Sadatoshi, Miya-noshō Motomasa, daughter (wife of Katsura Motozumi), daughter (wife of Naitō Motoyasu, Kuchiba Michiyoshi), daughter (wife of Wachi Masaharu), daughter (wife of Amano Takashige), daughter (wife of Sugi Shigeyoshi) 

Lifespan: 1567-1623

Rank:  bushō

Titles:  Secretary of the Left Division, Assistant Vice Minister of the Bureau of Ceremonies, Provincial Governor of Echigo

Clan:  Fukubara clan of the Ōe family

Lord:  Mōri Terumoto → Mōri Hidenari

Father:  Fukubara Mototoshi

Siblings:  Hirotoshi, Motoyori

Children:  Mototoshi, Motofusa, Motonori

There were multiple individuals with the name of Fukubara Hirotoshi.  Following are profiles of Fukubara Hirotoshi who served as the tenth head of the Fukubara clan and, his grandson, Fukubara Hirotoshi who served as the thirteenth head of the Fukubara clan.

The tenth head of the Fukubara clan

Fukubara Hirotoshi, the tenth head of the Aki-Fukubara clan, served as a bushō during the Sengoku period.  The Aki-Fukubara clan was a family member of the Aki-Mōri clan.   Hirotoshi was born as the son of Fukubara Sadatoshi, the ninth head of the Aki-Fukubara clan.  His grandfather, the eighth head of the clan, was also named Fukubara Hirotoshi.  Hirotoshi was a cousin of Mōri Okimoto and Mōri Motonari (siblings).

Hirotoshi served as the head elder of the Mōri family.  Hirotoshi served as the lead signatory on a pledge signed together with fourteen elders of the Mōri clan in regard to the succession of Mōri Motonari.  The order of signatories was Nakamura Motoaki, Saka Hirohide, Watanabe Suguru, Awaya Motohide, Akagawa Motoyasu, Inoue Nariari, Inoue Motomori, Akagawa Narihide, Iida Motochika, Inoue Motokane, Inoue Motosada, Inoue Motoyoshi, Katsura Motozumi, and Shiji Hiroyoshi.  He arranged for the marriage of his daughters to influential families throughout the region, and raised the stature of the Fukubara clan within the Mōri family.  In 1540, when the Amago clan of Izumo invaded Aki Province, Hirotoshi dispatched his son, Fukubara Sadatoshi, to Kōriyama Castle while he remained in Suzuo Castle to vigorously fight against the attacking forces.

Hirotoshi died in 1557.  His second son, Fukubara Motomasa, served as the head of a band of retainers accompanying Mōri Motoharu (the second son of Mōri Motonari) when he wen to the Kikkawa clan to be adopted.  He inherited the Miya-no-shō clan who were family members of the Kikkawa clan.

The thirteenth head of the Fukubara clan

Fukubara Hirotoshi, the thirteenth head of the Aki-Fukubara clan, served as a bushō during the Azuchi-Momoyama and early Edo periods.  Hirotoshi was a retainer of the Aki-Mōri clan.  The Aki-Fukubara family was a member of the Aki-Mōri clan.

In 1567, Hirotoshi was born as the son of Fukubara Mototoshi, the twelfth head of the Fukubara clan.  His grandfather, Fukubara Sadatoshi, was the eleventh head of the clan.  His son of the same name as his father served as the fourteenth head of the clan and carried the title of Provincial Governor of Oki.

In 1591, Hirotoshi succeeded his father as head of the clan and served Mōri Terumoto.  Together with Kikkawa Hiroie, Hirotoshi wielded influence in the family and made efforts for the deployment of forces in the Bunroku Expedition to the Korean Peninsula.  At the Battle of Sekigahara, to ward against the severance of the Mōri clan owing to their support for the western army, and after consultation with Hiroie, Shishido Mototsugu, Masuda Motonaga, and Kumagai Motonao, Hirotoshi colluded with Tokugawa Ieyasu and received a promise of recognition for their rights to the territory.  After the battle, however, the promise was scrapped and, after Terumoto was demoted, Hirotoshi was unable to maintain his territory.  Thereafter, he governed the area of Yoshiki in Nagato Province.  Terumoto retired, so Hirotoshi, along with Hiroie, Motonaga, and Mōri Hidemoto, supported Terumoto’s eldest yet youthful son, Mōri Terunari.

In the Edo period, Hirotoshi engaged in negotiations with the Edo bakufu to determine the location to serve as the base of the Mōri clan.  As an outcome of their demotion, the Mōri was given Suō and Nagato provinces to govern.  Following discussions with Honda Masanobu and Masazumi (father and son), the choice was made for the family to reside in Hagi Castle in Suō to replace their former base in Hiroshima Castle in Aki Province.  The construction began in 1604 but was not completed until 1608.  In the twelfth month of 1604, Mōri Terumoto moved into the castle years before its completion.

In 1606, Hirotoshi was assigned to manage the construction of Edo Castle, making great efforts to maintain a relationship with the bakufu.  He also made efforts to resolve problems arising within the Chōshū domain.  During the construction of Hagi Castle, he addressed turbulence in the domain resulting from the purge of Kumagai Motonao (known as the Gorōtaishi Incident), and was involved in setting policies for the domain.  At the Siege of Ōsaka, Hirotoshi endeavored to manage the Sano Michiyoshi Incident.  Also known as Naitō Motomori, this incident involved a retainer of the Mōri who fought against the Tokugawa army at the Siege of Ōsaka in 1615 and then fled to go underground in the environs of Kyōto.

In 1616, Hirotoshi was permitted to return to his home province and, in 1622, transferred his role to his eldest son, Fukubara Mototoshi, and retired.  Hirotoshi died in 1623.  His descendants served as elders for the Chōshū domain in the Edo period.