Yano Toramura


Yano Clan


Awa Province

Lifespan:  15xx to Tenshō 10 (1582)

Rank:  bushō

Title:  Governor of Hōki

Clan:  Yano (self-named Tachibana)

Lord:  Miyoshi Jikkyū → Miyoshi Nagaharu → Sogō Masayasu

Children:  Kunimura (Suruga-no-kami), Bingo-no-kami

Yano Toramura served as a bushō during the Sengoku period.  He was a retainer of the Miyoshi clan and held the title of Governor of Hōki.

Traces of Toramura during his youth are uncertain, but, as the lord of Yagami Castle (also known as Shōkōji Castle) which served in the defense of Shōzui Castle near its west entrance, he received one of the characters from the name of Miyoshi Yukitora (later known as Miyoshi Jikkyū) and adopted the name of Toramura.

Toramura may have joined in the Battle of Kumeda in 1562 during which Jikkyū was killed, but it is not certain.  On 11/29 of Eiroku 5 (1562), at Takaya Castle in Kawachi Province, a group of nine bushō including Toramura, Miyoshi Yasunaga, Kaji Moritoki, Miyoshi Morimasa, and others signed a written pledge to support Miyoshi Nagaharu (the eldest son and lineal heir of Jikkyū) and, around this time, were active in the Kinai as the Takaya Castle Group.  There remain two drafts of a letter jointly signed by Toramura, Yasunaga, and Morimasa after the death of Jikkyū.

In the era of the Miyoshi Group of Three, Toramura participated in the Battle at the Giant Buddha of Tōdai Temple, a series of clashes over a six-month period in 1556 against Matsunaga Hisahide in the Kinai.  In 1570, he fought against Oda Nobunaga at the Battle of Noda and Fukushima Castles.

During his latter years, Toramura resided within Shōzui Castle while his eldest son and lineal heir, Yano Kunimura (Suruga-no-kami), resided in the smaller Yagami Castle.  The families of Yano Bingo-no-kami, Yano Magoemon, and Yano Ichinosuke lived in the village of Yagami while those of Yano Sōemon, Yano Shimanosuke, and Takatomi Sukebei, resided in the village of Kuroda.

In 1577, after Miyoshi Nagaharu was killed by Izawa Yoritoshi and Ogasawara Narisuke, Toramura’s eldest son, Yano Kunimura, killed Yoritoshi, expelled Narisuke to Tosa Province, and welcomed Sogō Masayasu to Shōzui Castle.  In the winter of 1579, however, when the forces from Tosa marched east, while heading toward Waki Castle in support of Mori Nagahide (Hida-no-kami), Kunimura was killed by Niki Hyūga-no-kami.  Toramura rushed from Shōzui to Yagami Castle to assist, repelling forces from Tosa at Kuroda and Nakatomigawa.

After the unexpected death of Oda Nobunaga in a coup d’état known as the Honnō Temple Incident in the sixth month of 1582, Chōsokabe advanced again, leading to the Battle of Nakatomigawa.  Toramura and Yano Bingo-no-kami were among those killed in action.  According to one account, in this conflict, Toramura was a veteran of the Miyoshi serving as the supreme commander and, on 8/28, was killed by a unit led by Kōsokabe Chikayasu.